Adaptation

Adaption, a fundamental capability which belongs to every organism. In theory, all the
features of an organism can be considered adaptive. Species use adaptation to survive and
evolve. Predators developed the necessary skills to catch, while preys acquired the abilities to protect themselves. Human beings are master at adapting. Take for example the blinds, who manage to improve the other senses to compensate the eyesight. Or kids, who pass from the comfort zone of mum and dad to the new school environment, which require them to develop social skills by interacting with others. 
Some great examples of adaptation are related to camouflage. Chameleon, owls, insects, fish, seahorses and frogs handle with mastery the art of camouflage. Another funny example of adaptation is the hedgehog's one. Indeed, if threatened, the hedgehog will transform itself into a spiny rolling ball.



Regardless of the species, organisms adapt to challenging circumstances.
However, some situations make adaptation difficult to succeed. Climate change is one of these. Indeed, the big question is, will we be able to adapt to climate change? There are some controversial theories related to the near future climate change's impact on species. But one thing is certain, it takes time for organisms to adapt and these changes are occurring so fast that it would be hard for some species to succeed in the near future if human’s footprint continue to harmfully increase.


Sources:

  • Beckett B. , Gallagher R., “Biology for Higher Tier”, Oxford
  • https://www.boredpanda.com/animal-camouflage-39/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=organic&utm_campaign=organic
  • https://skepticalscience.com/Can-animals-and-plants-adapt-to-global-warming.htm